Brazilian fishery stock assessment and management: current status and challenges

Brazilian fishery stock assessment and management: current status and challenges

Flávia Lucena Frédou – Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (Recife – Brazil)

November 5th, 2019 9:00 AM (PST): FSH 203

There is a large diversity of species and fishing gear/methods in Brazilian marine waters, given the long coast (more than 7000 km long), with different environments and a multispecies and multifleet fishery. Most of the industrial fishing fleet is concentrated in Southern Brazil, while most of the small-scale fisheries (SSF) is concentrated in the north and northeast regions (Bertrand et al., 2018), where the activity is extremely important in terms of food security and employment (over 90% of jobs in the fishery sector concentrates). Based on a multi-year Brazilian research Program REVIZEE (Avaliação do Potencial Sustentável da Zona Econômica Exclusiva do Brasil), created by the Brazilian Government in compliance with the United Nations Convention of the Law of the Sea, by the early 2000s, Brazilian fisheries far exceeded sustainable target levels in the main portion and the majority of stocks were either fully (23%) or over-exploited (33%) (MMA, 2006). Moreover, Brazilian Fisheries Statistics have not been reported since 2007, when the existing system was gradually dismantled and not replaced. Hence, the assessment and the management of the Brazilian fishery resources have been a great challenge for scientists and government.  After the Program REVIZEE ended, stocks have never been re-assessed at a national level. However, specific initiatives were established in order to assess the sustainability and conservation of some fishery resources. More recently (2010 – 2014), Brazilian aquatic resources have  been evaluated according to the IUCN Red List categories at a regional scale, in a process  leaded by the ICMBio (Instituto Chico Mendes de Conservação da Biodiversidade, Ministério do Meio Ambiente, Brazil). The red list, published in 2014 (Portaria 445), enumerated 475 aquatic species as threatened. Moreover, research initiatives funded by the Fishery and Aquaculture Secretary (Ministry of Agriculture) and CNPq (National Research Council) are in place in order to evaluate the main fishery resources of the country. This talk will review the initiatives of the Brazilian Government in assessing its stocks and the current challenge given the diversity and the data-limited nature of the national fisheries.

Posted in Fisheries Think Tank.

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